Festivals in Amethi

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As everywhere in the State, fasting and feasting are the special features of the Hindu festivals, which are spread all over the year. The first nine days of the Hindu calendar or the Vikram Samvat beginning with the first day of the Chaitra are called Navratra. On the eighth day falls the Shitala Ashthami when Devi, particularly in the form of Shitala is worshipped. The next day Ram Navami marks the birthday of Rama when the Hindus of the district fast and the temples of Rama are specially decorated and illuminated at night and the Ramayana is read in temples and in the home of the devout where large numbers gather to listen to the recitation. Some of the places where fairs are held on this occasion are Sultanpur municipality and Dera (in tehsil Kadipur).

Nagpanchami is celebrated well in this district. On the fifth of the Shravan month to appease the Nagas or the serpant God.

Janmashtami, the festival celebrating the birth of Krishna, falls every year on eighth day of Bhadra. In the district as in other parts of country, devotees keep fast the whole day, breaking their fast only with the eating of Prasad at midnight when the worshippers throng the temple and the small shrines and cradles (specially installed in homes and in other places and decorated and illuminated to commemorate the deity's birth) to have a jhanki (glimpse) of the representation depicting the auspicious event.


Dasahra is celebrated by the Hindus of the district on the tenth day of the Ashvina to commemorate the victory of Rama over Ravan and celebrations are held at several places in the district, big fairs being held at Sarwanpur, Katra Lalganj, Sengthi and Ramganj (all in tehsil Amethi); Mayang, Kurwar, Aliganj, Guptarganj, Dhammaur, Kurebhar, Bandhua Kalan, Pratappur and Sultanpur (in tehsil Sultanpur); and at Koeripur, Dostpur-Firozpur and Dera (in tehsil Kadipur).

Kartik Purnima is a big bathing festival which falls on the full moon day of Kartika, when people take a bath in the Gomti. A big fair is held at Dera. The bathing fair of Kartika Purnima is held on the bank of the Gomti at, Dera and Dasahra fair at Koeripur. The fairs of Sagara held at Sitakund on Chaitra, Shukla 9th, Lohramau Bhavani (held at Lohramau on 1st Monday and Friday after Shravan, Shukla 5th) and Ram Vivah held on Agrahayan, Shukla 5th at Pratappur (all in tehsil Sultanpur) attract a large gathering.

Shivratri falls on the fourteenth day of Phalguna in honour of Shiva. Hindus in the district fast throughout the day and vigil is kept at night when the God is worshipped. The Shiva temples of the district are specially decorated and large numbers of devotees offer water, flowers and bel-patra (leaves of Aegle Marmelos, the bel tree) to icons and images of Siva and sing devotional songs in his praise. Big fairs are held at Misrauli, Pindara Karnai and Soraon (in tehsil Musafirkhana); and Tala, Bandoia and Sonari in Tehsil Amethi.

The Muslims of the district celebrate a number of festivals. Id-uj-Zuha is celebrated on the 10th day of the month of Zilhijja the last month of Hijri calendar to commemorate the occasion when the prophet Ibrahim submitted himself to the will of God. Men attend morning prayers in Idgahs or mosques and sheeps and goats are sacrificed in the God's name.


The first ten days of the month of Muharram commemorate the tragedy of Karbala which witnessed the martyrdom of Imam Husain (the grandson of prophet Muhammad) and his companions on the tenth day. Although this occasion has special significance for the Shiyas, the Sunnis also take part in some of the observances. The imambaras are illuminated on the 8th and 9th of the month, majlis (religious assemblies) are held from the first to the ninth and tazias are taken out the processions separately by Shiyas and Sunnis on the 10th day (Ashra) and are burried at specified burial grounds.

The Sikhs celebrate the birthday of their gurus, Nanak and Govind Singh, when portions of the Granth are read or recited, prayers are held and processions taken out.

The main festivals of the christians of the district are Christmas, which falls on December 25th and celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ; Good Friday, which commemorates his crucifixion; and Easter which celebrates his resurrection.

The Jains of the district celebrate the birth and nirvana anniversaries of Mahavira, their 24th tirthankar. The other important festivals of Jains are Paryushan (the last ten days of Bhadra) and the three Ashtinhikas falling during the last eight days each of Asadha, Kartika and Phalguna.


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